Boundaries and Possibilities of the Constellation Research Method
Keywords:Kant, research of constellations, Dieter Henrich, methodology, anthroponomy, anthropology, human models
AbstractThe study of Kant’s anthropology, proposed by Viktor Kozlovskyi in its original and thorough monograph, is an entirely new interpretation of Kant’s answer to the fundamental question “What is man?”. On the basis of the philosopher’s heritage and taking into account the large body of research literature, Kozlovskyi reconstructs five conceptual “human models” in Kant’s anthropological discourse. However, this study contains a number of problematic statements and conclusions. I argue first, that there is some inconsistency between Kant’s understanding of the concept of “anthropology” and Kozlovskyi’s explanation. Second, the model of man as intelligible being, made explicit through the concepts of “freedom” and “spontaneity”, is a justified construction within the limits of criticism, but not quite correct with regard to the place and function of “anthropology” in it. Third, we can see a dissonance between Kozlovskyi’s explanation of the constellations as “chronotopes-events” and interpretation of this concept by Dieter Henrich’s school, where the methodology of “research constellations” was used to elucidate the early phase of German idealism. However, this leads to the cardinal question of how far this methodology is applicable for the analysis of Kant’s philosophy.
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