Sententiae <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br />Founded in 2000. Published thrice a year, in April, July and November.<br />Journal DOI: <a href=""></a></p> Vinnytsia National Technical University en-US Sententiae 2075-6461 <div class="copyright_notice&quot;"><br> <ul>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ul> </div> Wolf and eclecticism: from the concept of an open system to systematic intelligence <p>The paper (1) provides a comparative analysis of the programs of reforms of philosophy developed by Christian Wolff and the members of the Eclecticist school; (2) it reveals the critical foundations of the concepts of the system by both schools and (3) assesses the prospects of their further development. Although Wolff is often inconsistent, nevertheless, he is largely closer to Descartes and Leibniz, and therefore to the Platonic tradition. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, are closer to the Peripatetic tradition, and therefore to empiricism.</p> <p>From the point of view of the history of philosophical methodology, Wolff’s program combines Cartesianism and the German tradition of methodical thinking (J. Jung, E. Weigel and Leibniz), which both were oriented towards mathematics. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, used the dialectical model, which they modernized by introducing the principle of historicism and applying it to the history of philosophy. When the program of the Eclecticists was guided by the critical selection of knowledge by members of the “scientific community” and the concept of an open system, Wolff’s synthesis of knowledge is carried out on the basis of a rigorous method. He puts forward a fundamentally new idea of a universal system based on new normative requirements for the system-forming principle, namely, it must be fundamental, generally valid and immanent in the system of knowledge.</p> <p>Wolff does not reject the critical program of the Eclecticists. In debates with them, he tries to prove that the successful implementation of their program is possible only if there is a basic system of truths and a reliable method. In his treatise <em>On the Difference Between Systematic and Non-systematic Intellect</em>, Wolff laid the foundation of “systematic eclecticism” and “speculative criticism”, which was substantiated in the works by “classics of German idealism”, primarily by C. L. Reinhold and Hegel.</p> Sergii Secundant Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-15 2021-08-15 40 2 6 29 10.31649/sent40.02.006 Three concepts of Buddhist philosophy: «thought», «mind», «consciousness» (the problem of translation) <p>The paper analyses the three main concepts of Buddhist philosophy of consciousness and considers the problem of their translation into Ukrainian. The author shows that it is necessary to compare the terms related to different Buddhist traditions’ (Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and al.) in order to adequately translate them into modern languages. The analysis of a passage (II.34) from Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa in various translations points out the necessity to translate a whole system of Buddhist terminology, but not the separate terms taken individually, in order to avoid the incompatibility of translated terms with each other.</p> <p> </p> <p>The study uses the author’s original approach to the Buddhist «philosophy of emptiness». The Author interprets it in a wider sense as a union of three constituents: «emptiness of things», «emptiness of concepts» and «emptiness of consciousness». The paper demonstrates that all three terms, in their primary meaning, refer to the «thought-mind-consciousness» as substance, whose ontological substratum is «emptiness»-ākāśa. At the same time every one of these terms has a range of its own meanings and nuances which either do not overlap or even are antonymous by sense.</p> Anastasia Strelkova Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 30 45 10.31649/sent40.02.030 Between Locality and Globality: The Problems of the History of Philosophy in Lithuania <p>The article deals with the problem of the local and global significance of Lithuanian philosophy. We discuss questions related to the meaning of the very concept of Lithuanian philosophy and evaluation of its scope. A controversy whether to cover all philosophical works written in the territories of historical Lithuania or to include only the works of ethnic Lithuanians (or at least the works written in Lithuanian) is talked over. The problem of the priorities in determining the relevant sources of the history of philosophy in Lithuania is described by pointing to the complexity of an assessment as the importance of the text for the development of Lithuanian self-awareness or its social significance scarcely coincide with its impact on global philosophy. The question of the priority of the texts written in the national language <em>versus </em>the translations of the main heritage of Western philosophy is addressed. We proceed further with a description of the works and the authors related to Lithuania and at the same time relevant to the philosophy of Europe, or at least neighbouring countries. The characteristics of the creative opposition between Protestant and Counter-Reformation thinkers is given. Martinus Smiglecius book on Logics and the main figures in the reception of German classical philosophy are discussed. Finally, the philosophical aspects of Litvak Judaism and their research are referred to.</p> Ruta Marija Vabalaite Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 46 54 10.31649/sent40.02.046 Deleuze’s Stoicism. Jonhson, R. J. (2020). Deleuze, a Stoic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. <p>Review of the book Jonhson, R. J. (2020). <em>Deleuze, a Stoic.</em> Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.</p> Pavlo Bartusiak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 55 65 10.31649/sent40.02.055 Classical Indian philosophy in the Oxford series “History of Philosophy without any gaps”. Adamson, P., & Ganeri, J. (2020). Classical Indian Philosophy: a History of Philosophy Without any Gaps. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Volume 5. <p>Review of Adamson, P., &amp; Ganeri, J. (2020). <em>Classical Indian Philosophy: a History of Philosophy Without any Gaps.</em> Oxford: Oxford University Press. Volume 5.</p> Yurii Zavhorodnii Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 66 84 10.31649/sent40.02.066 Deconstruction and Reconstruction of the Dhyāna Concept: Strategies and Perspectives. Danylov, D. (2020). Transformation of the Concept Dhyāna in Yoga’s Teaching. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh and Litera. <p>Review of&nbsp; Danylov, D. (2020). <em>Transformation of the Concept Dhyāna in Yoga’s Teaching. </em>[In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh and Litera.</p> Ihor Karivets Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 85 91 10.31649/sent40.02.085 In search of identity (Historical and philosophical analysis of Arab thought). Corm, G. (2020). Arab Political Thought: Past and Present. London: Hurst & Company. <p>Review of Corm, G. <em>(2020). Arab Political Thought: Past and Present.</em> London: Hurst &amp; Company.</p> Olexandr Kornienko Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-15 2021-08-15 40 2 92 110 10.31649/sent40.02.092 "Aristocratic metaphysics" and stereotypes. Jolibert, B. (2020). Descartes en questions: l'urgence d'un retour aux textes. Paris: L'Hrarmattan. <p>Review of Jolibert, B. (2020).&nbsp;<em>Descartes en questions: l'urgence d'un retour aux textes</em>.&nbsp;Paris: L'Hrarmattan.</p> Oleg Khoma Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 111 114 10.31649/sent40.02.111 Hegel and Ukrainian Philosophy of the 70-80th. Part III <p>Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kateryna Kruhlyk, Daria Popil with Viktor Kozlovskyi.</p> Viktor Kozlovskyi Illia Davidenko Kateryna Kruhlyk Daria Popil Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 115 160 10.31649/sent40.02.115 The Mind behind the Iron Curtain: Ukrainian Philosophy of the Late USSR and World Science <p>Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kseniia Myroshnyk, Daria Popil with Anatoly Loy.</p> Anatoly Loy Illia Davidenko Kseniia Myroshnyk Daria Popil Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 161 183 10.31649/sent40.02.161 First session of a new seminar on the history of modern philosophy <p>Report on the first session of the seminar “Philosophia perennis” (“Evolution of the concept of consciousness in modern philosophy”), organized by the journal <em>Sententiae</em> in collaboration with the Union of Researchers of Modern Philosophy (Pascal Society) and the Kant Society (August 10 -12, 2021, Odesa).</p> Maria Kravchyk Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-16 2021-08-16 40 2 184 189 10.31649/sent40.02.184