Sententiae <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br />Founded in 2000. Published thrice a year, on April 30, on August 30, and on November 30.<br />Journal DOI: <a href=""></a></p> Vinnytsia National Technical University en-US Sententiae 2075-6461 <div class="copyright_notice&quot;"><br> <ul>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ul> </div> Time and Space in the Philosophy of Leibnitz. Part IIІ <p>Arina Orekhova’s interview with Professor Serhii Secundant, devoted to Leibniz’s concept of time and space, the peculiarities of Michael Fatch’s interpretation of this concept, and various historico-philosophical approaches to understanding Leibniz’s philosophy as a whole.</p> Sergii Secundant Arina Oriekhova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 87 110 10.31649/sent42.02.087 Descartes’ Notion of Meum Corpus and Jean-Luc Marion’s Challenge to “the Myth of Cartesian Dualism” <p>Jean-Luc Marion, in his latest book, “Sur la pensée passive de Descartes,” recently published in an English translation, challenges something he refers to, in the English subtitle, as “the Myth of Cartesian Dualism” and counters it with his original interpretation of Descartes’ notion of <em>meum corpus</em>. This article explores the reasons he adduces for this purpose. The case is made that Marion fails to provide sufficiently solid argumentative and textual support for his construal in this respect and that traditional substance dualistic interpretative resources allow for a more straightforward and systematic reading. It is argued that Marion’s central dualism-deflecting claim, that in the Meditations, “my body” is not an extended thing but a mode of thought, is undermined by an analysis that carefully considers the context of those Descartes’ statements to which Marion appeals.</p> Dmytro Sepetyi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 6 22 10.31649/sent42.02.006 Translations and interpretations of the philosophical course by Stephan Kalynovskyi: Soviet tradition and its remnants <p>The article analyzes the translations and interpretations of the philosophical course Stephan Kalynovskyi taught at the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy in 1729–1731. Drawing on unpublished translations, editorial corrections, letters, etc., the author reconstructs the history of this course’s translation for the first time, which began in the late 1960s. The author analyzes whether the researchers transcribed and translated the handwritten Latin text correctly and to what extent their interpretations of the course’s philosophical ideas are valid. The article demonstrates that researchers neither had the proper knowledge of the scholastic philosophical tradition and, in some cases, its specific type of Latin nor created the necessary critical apparatus. It resulted in many flaws in their works. Ukrainian philosophers grossly misinterpreted Kalynovskyi’s course because they found the Enlightenment, Cartesian, and local Ukrainian ideas in the text, written in Paris in the 1630s. The author also demonstrates that contemporary studies of Kalynovskyi’s course mostly repeat dubious Soviet ideas, while several dishonest scholars even practice plagiarism.</p> Mykola Fediai Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 23 46 10.31649/sent42.02.023 Vasyl Lisovyi on the history of Ukraine’s philosophy of the 20th century: a contribution to the discussion <p>This paper is the first part of a study that examines the models of Ukrainian philosophy’s (1960–1980s) historization. The paper analyzes one of these models, proposed by Vasyl Lisovyi in the article “Ukrainian Philosophical Thought of the 60s–80s of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century.” Reconstructing this model, I argue that one can legitimately summarize it in eight main theses: 1) the Ukrainian philosophy of this period is a component of philosophy as it developed and existed in Soviet times; 2) philosophy in Soviet times can be periodized according to the leader-centric principle; 3) representatives of this philosophy demonstrate three basic patterns of behavior: conflict, revisionism, and conformism; 4) revisionist researchers did not comprise a unified movement; 5) leading trends of this philosophy are analytical and creative dialectical-materialistic; 6) basic principles of the dialectical-materialist philosophy are metaphysicality and speculativeness; 7) the “discussion of the logicians and dialecticians” showed the groundlessness of dialectical philosophy’s claims to the status of the only true and “scientific” philosophy; 8) after the collapse of the USSR, the dialectical-materialist philosophy was rejected as unpromising due to its speculative nature and lack of conclusiveness.</p> Illia Davidenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 47 62 10.31649/sent42.02.047 Philosophical community and emancipation of thinking: experience of Alushta schools <p>The article examines the methodological problems of the historical-philosophical research of the “Soviet philosophy.” The process of the emancipation of thinking is examined through the analysis of the tradition of the Alushta Schools of Young Philosophers in 1987–1993. These schools played a historically significant role in overcoming the prejudices and stereotypes of the Soviet consciousness by the Ukrainian philosophical community. The mentioned analysis led to a few conclusions regarding the methodology of historical-philosophical research of the intellectual legacy – primarily texts – of the Soviet era. (1) Soviet philosophy was certainly an anti-philosophy, a social machine of anti-thinking. (2) The basis of analyzing both texts and events of this philosophy should consider the phenomenon of doublethink – two simultaneous and parallel spaces of discourses’ (meanings’) existence. Doublethink reflects the situation when ideological officialdom, loyalty to which was necessary, and the opposing desire for true thinking coexisted. (3) This collision led to the development of and was characterized by a number of features: the “Aesopian language,” peculiar regimes of private trust, intellectual reservations, etc. The article corroborates that the change in the dynamics of the intellectual situation (language of philosophy, mode of communication, communities of intellectuals, ethos and ideals of scientific research, etc.) is the main subject of historical-philosophical research.</p> Sergii Proleiev Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 63 86 10.31649/sent42.02.063 Kant: morality, anthropology, conscience. Kozlovskyi, V. (2023). Kantian Anthropology. Sources. Constellations. Models. Kyiv: Duh i Litera. <p>Review of Kozlovskyi, V. (2023). <em>Kantian Anthropology. Sources. Constellations. Models</em>. Kyiv: Duh i Litera.</p> Vlada Davidenko Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 111 118 10.31649/sent42.02.111 Can we talk about “completeness of life” without “meaning in life”? Vinje, H. (2022). Complete Life in the Eudemian Ethics. Apeiron, 26(2), 299-323. <p>Review of Vinje, H. (2022). Complete Life in the Eudemian Ethics. <em>Apeiron</em>, <em>26</em>(2), 299-323.</p> Elvira Chukhrai Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 119 129 10.31649/sent42.02.119 Aquinas’ conceptual synthesis: an attempt at a new clarification. Stump, E., & White, T. J. (Eds.). (2022). The New Cambridge Companion to Aquinas. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. <p>Review of Stump, E., &amp; White, T. J. (Eds.). (2022). <em>The New Cambridge Companion to Aquinas</em>. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.</p> Andrii Shymanovych Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 130 136 10.31649/sent42.02.130 The Alushta schools as a phenomenon of Ukrainian philosophical thought at the turn of the 20th-21st centuries <p>Materials of the discussion about informal philosophical schools held in Alushta (1987–1989, 1991, 1993). The context of the Ukrainian SSR in the 1980s and the impact of Schools on Ukrainian philosophy during the period of independence are analyzed.</p> Natalia Viatkina Tetiana Gardashuk Kostiantyn Maleiev Myhailo Marchuk Sergii Proleiev Halyna Orendarchuk Maryna Stoliar Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 151 167 10.31649/sent42.02.151 “It's a pity that you were not with us...” <p>Reflections about authors’ participation in Alushta Schools of Young Philosophers.</p> Viktor Malakhov Tetiana Chaika Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 168 171 10.31649/sent42.02.168 Alushta “Owl of Minerva” <p>Reflections on the paradigm shift in philosophizing in Ukraine at the end of the 80s, based on the authors' personal memories of participation in the Alushta Schools of Young Philosophers.</p> Maryna Stoliar, Mykola Bohun Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 172 185 10.31649/sent42.02.172 German philosophy in the Ukrainian context (70–80s of the 20th century). Part III <p>Interview of Vsevolod Khoma, Illia Davidenko and Kseniia Myroshnyk with Anatoliy Yermolenko.</p> Anatoliy Yermolenko Vsevolod Khoma Illia Davidenko Kseniia Myroshnyk Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 186 207 10.31649/sent42.02.186 The first meeting of the Sententiae community <p>Report on the first <em>Sententiae</em> community meeting which took place on April 29, 2023.</p> Polina Oprya Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 208 210 10.31649/sent42.02.208 Bergson and Merleau-Ponty in Deleuze's Gravitational Field. Olkowski, D. (2021). Deleuze, Bergson, Merleau-Ponty: The Logic and Pragmatics of Creation, Affective Life, and Perception. Indiana: Indiana UP. <p>Review of Olkowski, D. (2021). <em>Deleuze, Bergson, Merleau-Ponty: The Logic and Pragmatics of Creation, Affective Life, and Perception. </em>Indiana: Indiana UP.</p> Arina Oriekhova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 137 141 10.31649/sent42.02.137 The Oxford Quartet: Moral Philosophy After the Logical Positivists. Lipscomb, B. J. B. (2021). The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. <p>Review of Lipscomb, B. J. B. (2021). <em>The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics</em>. Oxford: Oxford University Press.</p> Vsevolod Khoma Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 142 145 10.31649/sent42.02.142 Boundaries and Possibilities of Pluralism in Islamic Mind. Hashas, M. (Ed.). (2021). Pluralism in Islamic Contexts - Ethics, Politics and Modern Challenges. Cham: Springer. <p>Review of Hashas, M. (Ed.). (2021). <em>Pluralism in Islamic Contexts - Ethics, Politics and Modern Challenges</em>. Cham: Springer.</p> Mykhaylo Yakubovych Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-29 2023-08-29 42 2 146 150 10.31649/sent42.02.146