Sententiae https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br />Founded in 2000. Published thrice a year, on April 30, on August 30, and on November 30.<br />Journal DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.22240/sent">https://doi.org/10.31649/sent</a></p> Vinnytsia National Technical University en-US Sententiae 2075-6461 <div class="copyright_notice&quot;"><br> <ul>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ul> </div> First comments on the Ukrainian translation of Kant's "Prolegomena" edited by Ivan Mirčhuk https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1026 <p>The verbatim text of the first printed responses to the appearance of the Ukrainian translation of Kant's "Prolegomena" edited by Ivan Mirčhuk is given. Biographical data of some members of the team that worked on this translation is also provided.</p> Volodymyr Pylypovych Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 130 142 10.31649/sent43.01.130 Time and Space in the Philosophy of Leibnitz. Part IV https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1024 <p>Arina Orekhova’s interview with Professor Serhii Secundant, devoted to Leibniz’s concept of time and space, the peculiarities of Michael Fatch’s interpretation of this concept, and various historico-philosophical approaches to understanding Leibniz’s philosophy as a whole.</p> Sergii Secundant Arina Oriekhova Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 90 116 10.31649/sent43.01.090 To the 300th anniversary of Immanuel Kant https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1018 <p>Description of the materials of current issue of <em>Sententiae</em>, devoted to Kant's philosophy.</p> Vitalii Terletsky Vyacheslav Tsyba Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 6 7 10.31649/sent43.01.006 Africa in the history of philosophical thought. Janz, B. B. (2023). African Philosophy and Enactivist Cognition: The Space of Thought. London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney: Bloomsbury Academic. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1027 <p>Review of Janz, B. B. (2023). <em>African Philosophy and Enactivist Cognition: The Space of Thought<strong>.</strong> </em>London, New York, Oxford, New Delhi, Sydney<strong>: </strong>Bloomsbury Academic.</p> Olexandr Kornienko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 143 151 10.31649/sent43.01.143 Summa Theologiae and the metaphysics of spiritual life. Haight, R., SJ, Pach, A., & Kaminski, A. A. (Eds.). (2022). On the Medieval Structure of Spirituality: Thomas Aquinas. New York: Fordham UP. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1028 <p>Review of Haight,&nbsp;R.,&nbsp;SJ, Pach,&nbsp;A., &amp; Kaminski,&nbsp;A.&nbsp;A. (Eds.). (2022). <em>On the Medieval Structure of Spirituality: Thomas Aquinas</em>. New York: Fordham&nbsp;UP.</p> Andrii Shymanovych Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 152 157 10.31649/sent43.01.152 The life’s meaning crisis and the history of philosophy. Church, J. (2022). Kant, Liberalism, and the Meaning of Life. Oxford: Oxford UP. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1029 <p>Review of Church, J. (2022). <em>Kant, Liberalism, and the Meaning of Life</em>. Oxford: Oxford UP.</p> Elvira Chukhrai Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 158 169 10.31649/sent43.01.158 Diogenes Laertius, “Life and Thoughts of Famous Philosophersˮ: strategy and principles of Ukrainian translation https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1025 <p>Diogenes Laertius's “Lives of the Eminent Philosophers” is a fictionalised account of the history of philosophy, full of philosophical concepts and scientific terminology. The Ukrainian translation strategy this work proposed by the authors aims to ensure adequacy in meaning while maximizing the uniformity of terms. The main principles of this translation are: 1) to avoid Greekisms, Latinisms and calques from the Russian language; 2) to translate Greek etymologically related concepts with single-root words; 3) to translate single-root antonymic concepts in the same way; 4) where lexical semantics is terminologically or substantively significant, to use synonyms; 6) composites or words with a complicated internal form can be translated periphrastically; 7) to use some neologisms to clarify meanings.</p> Lesia Zvonska Vitalii Turenko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 117 129 10.31649/sent43.01.117 Common knowledge and skepticism https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1023 <p>The first translation into Ukrainian and French of the article "Saber comum e ceticismo” (Common knowledge and skepticism) by Osvaldo Porchat Pereira (1933–2017), which became one of the classic sources of modern Brazilian Neopyrrhonism.</p> Oswaldo Porchat Pereira Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 51 89 10.31649/sent43.01.051 What is Necessary and What is Contingent in Kant’s Empirical Self? https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1019 <p>How does Kant understand the representation of an empirical self? For Kant, the sources of the representation must be both <em>a priori</em> and <em>a posteriori</em>. Several scholars claim that the <em>a priori</em> part of the ‘self’ representation is supplied by the category of ‘substance,’ either a regular substance (Andrew Chignell), a minimal substance (Karl Ameriks) or a substance analog (Katharina Kraus). However, Kant opens the Paralogisms chapter by announcing that there is a thirteenth ‘transcendental’ concept or category: “We now come to a concept that was not entered in the above general list of transcendental concepts, and that must yet be classed with them … This is the concept – or, if one prefers, the judgment – I think.” (A341/B399). I argue that it is the ‘I think’ that provides the <em>a priori</em> framework for the representation of the empirical self.</p> Patricia Kitcher Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 8 17 10.31649/sent43.01.008 Humanity and Self-preservation. Kant or Heidegger? https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1020 <p>Kant’s practical philosophy revolves around the concepts of pure reason, autonomy, law and obligation. But for them, terms such as humanity and self-mastery (Selbstherrschaft) are also of great importance. According to Kant, these terms concretize the reason and goal of our ethical and legal-political actions. In a first step, the meaning of these terms at the end of the four Kantian questions (What can I know? What should I do? What can I hope? What is man?) is explained. In a second step, Martin Heidegger’s criticism of humanism (and thus also of Kant) is presented and in a third step the consequences that his view of thinking has for law and politics are discussed: Heidegger’s thinking stands with his negation of philosophy, ethics and science in the service of a politics of immaturity.</p> Heiner Klemme Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 18 28 10.31649/sent43.01.018 Orality as an Element of Historicо-Philosophical Research https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1021 <p>In the current research, using methods of oral history of philosophy, oral communication (in particular, interviews) is considered only as a technical phase in preparing the final text. The author claims that the primary audio or video recordings of such an interview, an "oral draft," should be considered independent material. After all, the written text does not reflect the interlocutors' intonations; comparing the source material and the final text may become important for future researchers. After the transcribed and agreed text of the interview took its final shape, it should be analyzed by the interlocutors and supplemented with a commentary. This commentary aims to (1) clarify vague points of the text and (2) record the further opinions of the interviewer and interviewee. Therefore, the purpose of an interview that uses an oral history of philosophy should be an audio/video recording, a final text, and a commentary.</p> Nataliia Reva Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 29 43 10.31649/sent43.01.029 Oral History of Philosophy: Method, Methodology, (Future) Discipline? https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1022 <p>Natalia Reva's interview with Amina Khelufi, devoted to the status of the oral history of philosophy, modern research in this field and prospects for its development. This interview is an Appendix to Natalia Reva's article published in this issue of <em>Sententiae</em>.</p> Nataliia Reva Amina Kkhelufi Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 44 50 10.31649/sent43.01.044 The Written Word and the Oral Word: Toward an Oral History of Philosophy. Part I. At the Crossroads of Fate: The Secret of the Ancient Rug https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1035 <p>An interview of Amina Kkhelufi and Kseniia Myroshnyk with Tetiana Chaika, dedicated to the formation of the idea of an oral history of philosophy.</p> Tetiana Chaika Amina Kkhelufi Kseniia Myroshnyk Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 190 211 10.31649/sent43.01.190 The Philosopher’s Day was first celebrated in Luhansk in 2001 https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1036 <p>The report on the first celebration of the Philosopher’s Day in Ukraine.</p> Oleksandr Yeremenko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 212 215 10.31649/sent43.01.212 On friendship, commemorating Dmytro Chyzhevsky's anniversary, and the life of the community https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1037 <p>Report on the commemoration of the 130th anniversary of Dmytro Chyzhevsky in Oleksandria on April 4, 2024 and the activity of the "Maysternya Chyzhevskyh" (Chizhevsky Workshop) project.</p> Illia Davidenko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 216 220 10.31649/sent43.01.216 Historico-philosophical research and contexts of philosophizing. Vozniak, T. (2024). Experiments with the Word. Lviv: Rastr-7; (2022). Art Studies Essays. Kyiv: Duh i Litera; (2016). Philosophical essays. Kyiv: Duh і Litera. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1031 <p>Review of Vozniak, T. (2024). <em>Experiments with the Word</em>. Lviv: Rastr-7; (2022). <em>Art Studies Essays</em>. Kyiv: Duh i Litera; (2016). <em>Philosophical essays</em>. Kyiv: Duh і Litera.</p> Iryna Holovashenko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 170 175 10.31649/sent43.01.170 Another Idealism: Berkeley, Kant and Schopenhauer. Kerkmann, J. (2024). Unendliches Bewusstsein. Berkeleys Idealismus und dessen kritische Weiterentwicklung bei Kant und Schopenhauer. Berlin & Boston: de Gruyter. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1032 <p>Review of Kerkmann, J. (2024). <em>Unendliches Bewusstsein. Berkeleys Idealismus und dessen kritische Weiterentwicklung bei Kant und Schopenhauer</em>. Berlin &amp; Boston: de Gruyter.</p> Ivan Ivashchenko Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 176 180 10.31649/sent43.01.176 Guide to the world of philosophers: Ask me, so that I may see you. Warburton, N. (2023). A little history of philosophy. (A. Markhovska, Trans.). Kyiv: Nash Format. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1033 <p>Review of Warburton, N. (2023). <em>A little history of philosophy</em>. (A. Markhovska, Trans.). Kyiv: Nash Format.</p> Anatolii Tekliuk Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 181 184 10.31649/sent43.01.181 A philosopher in the culture of ingenium. Garrod, R., & Marr, A. (Eds.). (2021). Descartes and the ingenium: the embodied soul in Cartesianism. Leiden: Brill. https://sententiae.vntu.edu.ua/index.php/sententiae/article/view/1034 <p>Review of Garrod, R., &amp; Marr, A. (Eds.). (2021). <em>Descartes and the ingenium: the embodied soul in Cartesianism</em>. Leiden: Brill.</p> Ryenat Shvets Copyright (c) 2024 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 43 1 185 189 10.31649/sent43.01.185