Sententiae 2021-08-15T22:50:19+03:00 Oleg Khoma Open Journal Systems <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br />Founded in 2000. Published thrice a year, in April, July and November.<br />Journal DOI: <a href=""></a></p> Wolf and eclecticism: from the concept of an open system to systematic intelligence 2021-08-05T15:49:47+03:00 Sergii Secundant <p>The paper (1) provides a comparative analysis of the programs of reforms of philosophy developed by Christian Wolff and the members of the Eclecticist school; (2) it reveals the critical foundations of the concepts of the system by both schools and (3) assesses the prospects of their further development. Although Wolff is often inconsistent, nevertheless, he is largely closer to Descartes and Leibniz, and therefore to the Platonic tradition. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, are closer to the Peripatetic tradition, and therefore to empiricism.</p> <p>From the point of view of the history of philosophical methodology, Wolff’s program combines Cartesianism and the German tradition of methodical thinking (J. Jung, E. Weigel and Leibniz), which both were oriented towards mathematics. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, used the dialectical model, which they modernized by introducing the principle of historicism and applying it to the history of philosophy. When the program of the Eclecticists was guided by the critical selection of knowledge by members of the “scientific community” and the concept of an open system, Wolff’s synthesis of knowledge is carried out on the basis of a rigorous method. He puts forward a fundamentally new idea of a universal system based on new normative requirements for the system-forming principle, namely, it must be fundamental, generally valid and immanent in the system of knowledge.</p> <p>Wolff does not reject the critical program of the Eclecticists. In debates with them, he tries to prove that the successful implementation of their program is possible only if there is a basic system of truths and a reliable method. In his treatise <em>On the Difference Between Systematic and Non-systematic Intellect</em>, Wolff laid the foundation of “systematic eclecticism” and “speculative criticism”, which was substantiated in the works by “classics of German idealism”, primarily by C. L. Reinhold and Hegel.</p> 2021-08-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Three concepts of Buddhist philosophy: «thought», «mind», «consciousness» (the problem of translation) 2021-08-05T16:01:41+03:00 Anastasia Strelkova <p>The paper analyses the three main concepts of Buddhist philosophy of consciousness and considers the problem of their translation into Ukrainian. The author shows that it is necessary to compare the terms related to different Buddhist traditions’ (Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and al.) in order to adequately translate them into modern languages. The analysis of a passage (II.34) from Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa in various translations points out the necessity to translate a whole system of Buddhist terminology, but not the separate terms taken individually, in order to avoid the incompatibility of translated terms with each other.</p> <p> </p> <p>The study uses the author’s original approach to the Buddhist «philosophy of emptiness». The Author interprets it in a wider sense as a union of three constituents: «emptiness of things», «emptiness of concepts» and «emptiness of consciousness». The paper demonstrates that all three terms, in their primary meaning, refer to the «thought-mind-consciousness» as substance, whose ontological substratum is «emptiness»-ākāśa. At the same time every one of these terms has a range of its own meanings and nuances which either do not overlap or even are antonymous by sense.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Between Locality and Globality: The Problems of the History of Philosophy in Lithuania 2021-08-05T16:12:42+03:00 Ruta Marija Vabalaite <p>The article deals with the problem of the local and global significance of Lithuanian philosophy. We discuss questions related to the meaning of the very concept of Lithuanian philosophy and evaluation of its scope. A controversy whether to cover all philosophical works written in the territories of historical Lithuania or to include only the works of ethnic Lithuanians (or at least the works written in Lithuanian) is talked over. The problem of the priorities in determining the relevant sources of the history of philosophy in Lithuania is described by pointing to the complexity of an assessment as the importance of the text for the development of Lithuanian self-awareness or its social significance scarcely coincide with its impact on global philosophy. The question of the priority of the texts written in the national language <em>versus </em>the translations of the main heritage of Western philosophy is addressed. We proceed further with a description of the works and the authors related to Lithuania and at the same time relevant to the philosophy of Europe, or at least neighbouring countries. The characteristics of the creative opposition between Protestant and Counter-Reformation thinkers is given. Martinus Smiglecius book on Logics and the main figures in the reception of German classical philosophy are discussed. Finally, the philosophical aspects of Litvak Judaism and their research are referred to.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Deleuze’s Stoicism. Jonhson, R. J. (2020). Deleuze, a Stoic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 2021-08-05T16:23:23+03:00 Pavlo Bartusiak <p>Review of the book Jonhson, R. J. (2020). <em>Deleuze, a Stoic.</em> Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Classical Indian philosophy in the Oxford series “History of Philosophy without any gaps”. Adamson, P., & Ganeri, J. (2020). Classical Indian Philosophy: a History of Philosophy Without any Gaps. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Volume 5. 2021-08-05T16:32:41+03:00 Yurii Zavhorodnii <p>Review of Adamson, P., &amp; Ganeri, J. (2020). <em>Classical Indian Philosophy: a History of Philosophy Without any Gaps.</em> Oxford: Oxford University Press. Volume 5.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Deconstruction and Reconstruction of the Dhyāna Concept: Strategies and Perspectives. Danylov, D. (2020). Transformation of the Concept Dhyāna in Yoga’s Teaching. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh and Litera. 2021-08-05T16:40:12+03:00 Ihor Karivets <p>Review of&nbsp; Danylov, D. (2020). <em>Transformation of the Concept Dhyāna in Yoga’s Teaching. </em>[In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh and Litera.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 In search of identity (Historical and philosophical analysis of Arab thought). Corm, G. (2020). Arab Political Thought: Past and Present. London: Hurst & Company. 2021-08-05T16:50:29+03:00 Olexandr Kornienko <p>Review of Corm, G. <em>(2020). Arab Political Thought: Past and Present.</em> London: Hurst &amp; Company.</p> 2021-08-15T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 "Aristocratic metaphysics" and stereotypes. Jolibert, B. (2020). Descartes en questions: l'urgence d'un retour aux textes. Paris: L'Hrarmattan. 2021-08-07T21:33:35+03:00 Oleg Khoma <p>Review of Jolibert, B. (2020).&nbsp;<em>Descartes en questions: l'urgence d'un retour aux textes</em>.&nbsp;Paris: L'Hrarmattan.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Hegel and Ukrainian Philosophy of the 70-80th. Part III 2021-08-07T21:38:12+03:00 Viktor Kozlovskyi Illia Davidenko Kateryna Kruhlyk Daria Popil <p>Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kateryna Kruhlyk, Daria Popil with Viktor Kozlovskyi.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 The Mind behind the Iron Curtain: Ukrainian Philosophy of the Late USSR and World Science 2021-08-07T21:54:34+03:00 Anatoly Loy Illia Davidenko Kseniia Myroshnyk Daria Popil <p>Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kseniia Myroshnyk, Daria Popil with Anatoly Loy.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021 First session of a new seminar on the history of modern philosophy 2021-08-15T13:45:12+03:00 Maria Kravchyk <p>Report on the first session of the seminar “Philosophia perennis” (“Evolution of the concept of consciousness in modern philosophy”), organized by the journal <em>Sententiae</em> in collaboration with the Union of Researchers of Modern Philosophy (Pascal Society) and the Kant Society (August 10 -12, 2021, Odesa).</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2021