Sententiae 2020-02-09T04:36:03+02:00 Oleg Khoma Open Journal Systems <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br>Founded in 2000. Published twice a year, in June and December.<br>Journal DOI: <a href=""></a></p> Silence as an argument and a manifestation of respect in the argumentation in John Locke's works 2019-12-17T13:28:47+02:00 Olena Shcherbyna Nataliia Shcherbyna <p>In the article, referring to the method of rational reconstruction described by R. Rorty, an analysis of some works of J. Locke has been made in order to identify new prospects in John Locke's philosophy researches. As a result, it’s been demonstrated the presence of silence as an argument and a manifestation of respect J. Locke’s research of realms of cognition, political philosophy and philosophy of education. This is not covered in modern John Locke's philosophy researches.</p> <p>The authors emphasize that J. Locke, although not directly exploring silence as an argument, however, describes the argument ad ignorantiam, the wording of which in the work «An Essay Concerning Human Understanding» and his understanding of tacit consent in the work «Two Treatises of Government» are related to silence as an argument and a manifestation of respect. The position that silence as an argument is present in all four arguments (argumentum ad verecundiam, argumentum ad ignorantiam, argumentum ad hominem, argumentum ad judicium) described by J. Locke is substantiated. Additionally, the argument ad ignorantiam can be considered both as an argument from silence (ex silentio argument) and as a kind of argument to silence. Considered arguments can serve as an argument to silence for the proponent and/or the third party, that is, anyone who is not directly involved in the dispute.</p> <p>Basing on J. Locke's explanation of the characteristic feature of tacit consent, that is, the absence of the expressed consent/disagreement, the possibility of distinguishing the indirect connection between tacit consent and the argument ad ignorantiam is demonstrated, since both tacit consent and the argument ad ignorantiam in J. Locke's works rely on the absence of expressed statements on the consent or disagreement of the opponent. It is established that the ideas of the education of children described by J. Locke also correlate with silence as an argument and a manifestation of respect.</p> <p>Applying the classification of the types of respect proposed by S. Hudson and complemented by R. Dillon to the use of the term «respect» to the various texts of J. Locke, it is substantiated that described by him respect covered almost all kinds of this classification.</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Philosophical Issues in Handwritten Candidate Works of Kyiv Theological Academy Students (1819‒1924) 2019-12-16T13:30:14+02:00 Maryna Tkachuk <p>The article for the first time presents the powerful historical and philosophical potential of the collection of handwritten candidate works of Kyiv Theological Academy (КТА) students, which is kept at Manuscript Institute, V. I. Vernadskyi National Library of Ukraine. According to the analyzed manuscripts, despite the church-confessional and specialized theological orientation of the theological academies, as well as the system of rigid regulations and control by the Most Holy Synod in the subject matters and content of the final works, the students showed a persistent research interest in philosophy. The author identifies more than 150 candidate works of KTA students that are directly relevant to philosophical topics and issues. Most of them are research on the history of Western (from Classical antiquity to the beginning of the 20<sup>th</sup> century), Eastern and Russian philosophy. At the same time, the handwritten works available in the collection express the interest of students in the problems of epistemology, philosophy of history, social philosophy, axiology, ethics and aesthetics, philosophy of religion, as well as their attraction to complex interdisciplinary studies, combining the issues of philosophy and history of philosophy with theology, psychology, pedagogy and literary studies.</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Modern Ukrainian Phenomenological Terminology and Approaches to the Translation of Edmund Husserl’s Cartesian Meditations 2019-12-17T09:28:48+02:00 Andrii Vakhtel <p>The article is a translator’s commentary to the Ukrainian translation of E.&nbsp;Husserl’s <em>Cartesian Meditations</em>. The task of this article is twofold: On the one hand, to reveal the historical context of the writing and publishing of <em>Cartesian Meditations</em>, on the other hand, to outline the strategic and terminological aspects of the Ukrainian translation of this work.</p> <p>The first part of the article is devoted to the history of creation of the text of <em>Cartesian Meditations</em>. In particular, the author answers the question of why the German text of <em>Cartesian Meditations</em> was not published until 1950, almost twenty years after the French translation of the book was released. The historico-philosophical investigation conducted in the article shows that Husserl considered the publication of <em>Cartesian Meditations</em> as an opportunity to systematically present his phenomenological philosophy and, eventually, recognized the impossibility of embracing the complexity of his doctrine within this work. The difficulty of this systematic presentation led to the enhancement of the role of Husserl’s assistant, Eigen Fink, in the editing of <em>Cartesian Meditations</em> and, ultimately, to the creation of Fink’s <em>Sixth Meditation</em>. The latter, as the author of the article demonstrates, puts previous developments in the phenomenology of static and genetic types into a new theoretical perspective, mainly by introducing the method of constructive phenomenology.</p> <p>In the second part of the article, the author offers one of the possible strategies for translating Husserlian texts that consists in structural simplification and stylistic improvement of the text. This strategy is proposed to be implemented by using simpler grammatical structures, by supplementing the text with translator’s comments, as well as by consistent usage of the Ukrainian phenomenological terminology. During the analysis of the terminological discourse of contemporary Ukrainian phenomenology, the author revises some of the established Ukrainian translations, such as the translation of the phenomenological terms <em>Ausschaltung</em> and <em>Zeitbewusstsein</em> and introduces the translation of new terms, such as <em>Vergemeinschaftung</em>, <em>Person</em>, <em>reell</em> and <em>ideell</em>.</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## In conclusion . Excerpts from a single conversation between Heavenly Virgin Sofia and the soul 2019-12-16T13:31:58+02:00 Jakob Böhme <p>The first Ukrainian translation of the text Jacob Boehme&nbsp;"In conclusion. Excerpts from one conversation between Heavenly Virgin Sofia and soul"</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Divine Wisdom – The Blossom of Light from the Heart of God. A survey on the essentials of Jacob Boehme’s Sophiology 2019-12-26T16:16:05+02:00 Roland Pietsch <p>Jakob Boehme (1575-1624) is the most important German mystic and theosophist of modern times. His influence in Germany and the world is manifold.</p> <p>The article briefly examines the sources (visions and inspirations) of Boehme’s mysticism and theosophy. Subsequently, it offers an outline of the principles of his sophiology: God as the will of wisdom and wisdom as his revelation; the role of divine wisdom or the eternal wisdom on the noble Virgin Sophia in the creation of the world and man; and finally their participation in the salvation and rebirth of humankind.</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “More than the Interview”. Overview of the section “Oral History of Philosophy” in the Journal “Filosofska Dumka” 2019-12-16T13:33:03+02:00 Serhii Yosypenko <p>The article analyses how the oral history of philosophy can be conceptualized as a genre and a discipline of the history of philosophy. The need for this kind of conceptualization arose due to recent spreading of interviews in the genre of the oral history of philosophy, which in turn became a subject for the special issue <em>The Oral History of Philosophy</em> in <em>Filosofska Dumka</em>. Analysing this issue, the author proves that the “dialoguing” nature of the interview builds inflated expectations about the oral history as well as its boundaries as an approach in a historical-philosophical study. He also suggests distinguishing the interview as a genre of oral philosophy – dialogue, which is a traditional philosophical literary form, from a tool in historical-philosophical study. In the latter case, it is important to determine who will play a role of a historian: an author of historical narration, an interviewee or an interviewer. Depending on the answer to the previous question, the author distinguishes three possible perspectives of the oral history of philosophy development: an interview as a self-sufficient study in the history of philosophy, an interview as a self-sufficient source for historical-philosophical research and an interview as one of sources for historical-philosophical research. Each of them has its opportunities for a historian of philosophy and plays its role in recruiting students and doctoral students (who often are involved as interviewers) to research work.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## History and Philosophy of Science as a Field of philosophical Researh. Stadler, F. (Ed.). (2017). Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies. (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, vol. 20). Vienna: Springer. 2019-12-27T13:48:53+02:00 Volodymyr Ratnikov <p>Review of the&nbsp; book Stadler, F. (Ed.). (2017). Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies. (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, vol. 20). Vienna: Springer.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The history of the Little Man. (Nemchinov, I. (2019). Malinin / Malinin: Reconstruction of the "lost biography" of Kiev professor. Vinnitsa: FOP Baranovskaya TP) 2019-12-16T13:35:07+02:00 Evgen Scopov <p>Review of the book Nemchinov, I. (2019). Malinin / Malinin: Reconstruction of the "lost biography" of Kiev professor. Vinnitsa: FOP Baranovskaya TP</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Contemporary global Descartes studies. Nadler, S. et al (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford: Oxford UP 2019-12-16T13:36:02+02:00 Oleg Khoma <p>Review of the book&nbsp; Nadler, S. et al (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism. Oxford: Oxford UP</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Richard Bett. How to Be a Pyrrhonist. Bett, R. (2019). How to Be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP 2020-02-09T04:36:03+02:00 Vladyslav Artiushenko <p>Review of&nbsp;Bett, R. (2019). How to Be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Cambridge: Cambridge UP</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Duncan Large et al., Untranslatability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives Large, D., Akashi, M., Józwikowska, W., & Rose, E. (2019). Untranslatability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Routledge: New York 2019-12-16T13:37:31+02:00 Polina Korzhikova <p>Review of&nbsp;&nbsp;Large, D., Akashi, M., Józwikowska, W., &amp; Rose, E. (2019). Untranslatability: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Routledge: New York</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-11T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers. Leach, S., & Tartaglia, J. (2018). The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers. Routledge: London, & New York 2019-12-16T13:38:24+02:00 Elvira Chukhray <p>Review of&nbsp; &nbsp;Leach, S., &amp; Tartaglia, J. (2018). The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers. Routledge: London, &amp; New York</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Commitment to Inference 2019-12-18T10:37:02+02:00 Robert B. Brandom Ivan Ivashchenko <p>In this conversation, American philosopher Robert Brandom talks about the historical background of his inferentialism, reconstructing the influence of his teachers Wilfrid Sellars and Richard Rorty.</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “…You have to bear to be measure” 2020-02-01T00:49:44+02:00 Barbara Cassin Vsevolod Khoma Amina Khelufi Daria-Aseniia Kolomiiets Olha Simoroz <p>Interview of members of the Student Society of Oral History of Philosophy (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv) with Barbara Cassin, a member of the French Academy. The main topics of the interview are Barbara Cassin's intellectual biography, the origin of the Dictionary of untranslatability’s idea, the philosophical influence of Martin Heidegger, contemporary studies of untranslatability and their practical application.</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## History of Philosophy as a Vocation 2019-12-16T13:41:02+02:00 Sergii Secundant Illiya Orekhov Kateryna Ustymenko Maria Shevchuk <p>The interview focuses on the status of historico-philosophical science in the USSR, including comparative analysis of education at Moscow University and in provincial universities. Models of socialization, social elevators, level of professionalism, ideological control, as well as the Soviet heritage in the academic practices of independent Ukraine are discussed.</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Life of Thought: the Act of Thinking in the Times of Totalitarism. Part I 2019-12-16T13:41:39+02:00 Anatoly Akhutin Xenija Zborovska Ruslan Myronenko Vsevolod Khoma Karolina Yakymenko <p>The first part of the interview with Anatoly Akhutin, dedicated to the informal philosophical movement that began in the USSR during the Khrushchev Thaw, the trends of this movement in the 1970s, the phenomenon of soviet «doublethink» and the origins of Eurasianism’s modern versions.</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Scientific Seminar of the Student Society of Oral History of Philosophy 2019-12-28T02:23:08+02:00 Amina Khelufi <p>On November 25, 2019, a scientific seminar organized by the Student Society of Oral History of Philosophy was held at the Department of the History of Philosophy of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. The main topic of discussion was the status of the oral history of philosophy (OHF) as a scientific discipline: its research goals and place among research practices. There were two main points in the discussion: OHF as a set of empirical interview-based methods and OHF as a separate historico-philosophical discipline with its own area of research. Were also discussed the criteria of distinguishing between "philosophical" OHF and OHF, which is a simple application of oral history techniques in the realm of interviewing philosophers.</p> 2019-12-12T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##