Sententiae 2019-09-29T02:02:36+03:00 Oleg Khoma Open Journal Systems <p>Journal created by Modern philosophy's research group (Pascalian society).<br>Founded in 2000. Published twice a year, in June and December.<br>Journal DOI: <a href=""></a></p> Derrida as an object of the history of philosophy: the concept of aporia in terms of the universality problem 2019-08-01T09:20:29+03:00 Anna Ilyina <p class="xfmc4"><span lang="EN-US">The idea of aporia, according to the author, leads to the transformation of Derrida’s philosophy on the basis of a new kind of universalism. This new universalism is based on the principles of relation and difference; it involves the concept of“radically Other” (in particular, in the modes of particularity and singularity) into the field of the Universal. As an essential factor of binarism’s deconstruction, an aporia leads to undermine a paradigm of choice. Derrida substitutes this paradigm with an attitude to “impossible” interdependence of concepts, which, according to traditional approach, are treated as incompatible.</span></p> <p class="xfmc4"><span lang="EN-US">The author proves that universalistic potential of Derrida’s thought reveals itself in application of transcendental approach to the problem of universal. Nevertheless, in case of Derrida it is quasi-transcendentalism that unites in itself moments of critics and radicalization of Kantian and Husserlian types of transcendental approach.</span></p> <p class="xfmc4"><span lang="EN-US">The paper proves that the idea of aporia has fundamental significance for constituting quasi-transcendental universalism. Interconnectedness (up to identity) of concepts of aporia and experience is evinced, as well as fundamental link between the concept of aporia and basic quasi-transcendental structure of “conditions of possibility/conditions of impossibility”. Within the problem of aporia, as is shown, inherently transcendental overlap between theoretical and practical dimensions is taken place. As is detected, in the discourse of aporia there appears a rethinking of Universal/Particular (Singular) relation: traditional contraposition is transformed into oscillation and overlapping (this rethinking is proper for the transcendental approach).</span></p> <p class="xfmc4"><span lang="EN-US">The results of the study, set forth in the article, allow historico-philosophical conclusion about presence, significance and peculiarity of the motive of universality in Derrida’s quasi-transcendentalism. Often remaining implicit, this motive, however, appears to be the driving force for deconstructive thinking</span><span lang="UK">.</span></p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Avicenna and Avicennism in the Muslim Philosophical Thought on Ukrainian lands: Post-Classical Period 2019-09-29T02:00:48+03:00 Mykhaylo Yakubovych <p>The article is dedicated to the development of Avicennism in the Ukrainian lands, first of all, in the works of Muslim thinkers who came from the South of Ukraine during the early Modern Era. Giving the importance of the legacy of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) for the Muslim philosophical and theological thought, the question arises of those areas of knowledge that have become common to both approaches. Since ontology of Ibn Sina is meant, in particular the idea of ​​a corresponding gradation of being ("necessary – possible – Impossible"), as well as understanding the very existence as a predicate, both theological and philosophical tradition developed in the direction that was prescribed by the early avicennian commentators. On the basis of the study of the heritage of the Muslim scholars coming from Ukraine (Abu al-Baqa’ al-Kafawi, Muhammad al-Kafawi, Muhammad al-Aqkirmani), the reception of not only "theological avicennicism", but also the works of ibn Sina was adressed. If the initial period (and this is characteristic of the Abu al-Baqa al-Kafawi’s works), Avicennism was considered more descriptively, while the thinkers of the 18th century (Muhammad al-Kafawi and Muhammad al-Aqkirmani) have already made significant efforts to address the corresponding problems that left in “classic Avicennicism" (problem of divine knowledge of infinity, etc.). Based on the relevant manuscripts, some of which are first introduced into scientific circulation, the study makes the following conclusion: the understanding of Avicenism coming from the "Muslim part" of Ukraine as a whole was generall related to the developments in the the Middle Eastern philosophical process of those times. Nevertheless, some local features of the tradition were traced as well.</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The texts on the infinity by Theofan Prokopovych and Georgiy Konyskyi and the available Ukrainian translations of them: a critical comparative edition 2019-09-29T02:02:36+03:00 Mykola Symchych <p>The publication contains the original Latin text of sections "De infinito" from the philosophical courses of Theofan Prokopovych (1707-09) and Georgiy Konyskyi (1749-51). The comparison for the first time conclusively proves that these texts are almost identical. The publication of the text takes into account all the differences that exist in manuscripts known today. In parallel with the originals, there are Ukrainian translations of both texts (published, respectively, 1980 and 1990). Such publication makes it possible to evaluate changes in the Ukrainian philosophical and translation tradition.</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparative analysis of the philosophical courses of Theofan Prokopovych and Georgiy Konyskyi on the example of the section "On infinity" 2019-08-01T09:23:26+03:00 Mykola Symchych <p>Theofan Prokopovych and Georgiy Konyskyi are the most prominent professors of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy in the 18th century. Their courses (1707-09 and 1749/51) are well regarded among the researchers and translated into Ukrainian in 1980 and 1990 respectively. Both texts generally have been considered as original. However, after a careful examination, it possible to notice a strong influence of Prokopovych on Konyskyi. This publication provides a comparative critical edition of a section from both courses on the same topic, on the infinity. The section is published together with the available Ukrainian translations. The four text are synchronized, so it is easy to track the same passage in all the texts. Since the texts of both authors are based on several manuscripts, the publication is accompanied with the apparatus criticus. Because there is no tradition of publishing critical editions of Latin texts in Ukraine, a detailed explanation of the rules of apparatus criticus is provided here.</p> <p>At this stage, it is too early to give a full account of the connection between Konyskyi’s and Prokopovych’ courses; nevertheless, based on the published section, it possible to say that Konyskyi used Prokopovych text mostly verbatim. He made some structural rearrangements, added some comments and clarifications. His text sounds more logical and more easily to apprehend. Considering the main goal of teaching activity – to pass a common knowledge, clarity of explanation is a higher value, than originality.</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Meaning of presence 2019-08-01T09:24:51+03:00 Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht Ivan Ivashchenko <p>Conversation about expected translation into Ukrainian of Gumbrecht's book <em>Production of Presence. What Meaning Cannot Convey</em>&nbsp;(Stanford UP: Stanford, 2004).</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The birth of the «European Dictionary of Philosophies» and Barbara Cassin’s discovery 2019-08-01T09:25:40+03:00 Constantin Sigov Amina Kkhelufi Daria-Aseniia Kolomiiets Olha Simoroz Vsevolod Khoma <p>Interview with Constantine Sigov, dedicated to the history of the "European Dictionary of Philosophies": from the emergence of an idea in the early 90's in France until the accomplishment of the Ukrainian edition in 2019.</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Philosophy as a School of Life at the Time of Totalitarianism. Part ІI. A bridge to the future 2019-08-01T09:26:26+03:00 Serhiy Proleiev Xenija Zborovska Ruslan Mironenko Olena Kostenko <p>The second part of the interview with Dr.Sci.Proleiev, Doctor of Philosophy, devoted to the understanding of the phenomenon of "philosophy in the USSR" (first part: Proleyev, S., Zborovska, X., Mironenko, R., Kostenko, O., &amp; Shulha, M. (2018). Philosophy as a School of Life at the Time of Totalitarianism. Part I. Thinking in the Space of Soviet Myths. <em>Sententiae</em>, <em>37</em>(2), 186-205. <a href=""></a> ).</p> 2019-06-11T00:00:00+03:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##