On the Art of Distinction, or on the Paradoxes of Neo-Thomism. Reaction to Yuri Chornomorets’ Reflections

  • Andrii Baumeister Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv; Tomas Aquinas Institute of religious sciences in Kyiv
Keywords: Thomism, Thomas Aquinas, phenomenology, intellectual intuition, theology

Abstract

The article is devoted to refuting Yuri Chornomorets’ criticism of Thomism as contradicto-ry and archaic philosophical approach. It is proved (1) that Chornomorets’ depreciation of Thomism (as «dry rationality» opposite to the phenomenology’s «living experience», or as rational «blindness» opposite to the sharp-eyed «intuitive look») is purely rhetorical and can not be regarded as a rational argument. (2) The so-called «main aporia of Thomism» disclosed by Y. Chornomorets is based on a superficial interpretation of St. Thomas’ texts. Aquinas in fact did not deny (2a) the intuitionism, (2b) the possibility of intellectual evidence, (2c) the intuitive knowledge. The intuitive knowledge has very important place (though not central) in the St. Thomas’ doctrine. The paper also shows that Y. Chornomorets wrongly identifies (3a) intellectual intuition with phenomenological attitude, (3b) Thomistic realism with abstract intellectualism cut off from real things, (4) rests on the oversimplified understanding of phe-nomenology, and (5) confuses the transition from the natural to the supernatural knowledge with the transition from the natural to the phenomenological attitude.

Author Biography

Andrii Baumeister, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv; Tomas Aquinas Institute of religious sciences in Kyiv

PhD in philosophy, Associate professor of the Philosophy Department;

Teacher of philosophy at the Tomas Aquinas Institute of religious sciences

References

Baumeister, A. (2012). Thomas Aquinas: An Introduction to thinking. God, life and cognition. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Dukh i Litera.

Chornomorets, Y. (2014). Aporias of the neo-Thomism. Reflections on a book Andrii Baumeister. Thomas Aquinas: An Introduction to thinking. God, life and cognition. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, XXX(1), 182-195. https://doi.org/10.22240/sent30.01.182

Hartmann, N. (2003). Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie. [In Russian]. Saint Petersburg: Nauka.

Seifert, J. (2006). Introduction. In D. Atlas, & V. Kurennoy (Eds.), An Anthology of realistic phenomenology (pp. 9-54). [In Russian]. Moscow: St. Thomas Institute of Philosophy, Theology and History.

Weissmahr, B. (1991). Ontologie. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
Published
2014-12-16
How to Cite
Baumeister, A. (2014). On the Art of Distinction, or on the Paradoxes of Neo-Thomism. Reaction to Yuri Chornomorets’ Reflections. Sententiae, 31(2), 203-210. https://doi.org/10.22240/sent31.02.203
Section
DISCUSSIONS