Essence and Characters of Enlightenment
Keywords:Enlightenment, mediation, medium, educationism, quasi-religiosity, Utopia
In this article the author proves his own concept of the spirit of the Enlightenment and describes the basic features of this phenomenon.
At the beginning of the work the author examines the concept of scientists who believe that the Enlightenment was an event in the history of mediation (C. Siskin, W. Warner, O. Perepelitsa). The author agrees with the basic idea of these researchers, however, he believes that it is necessary to find out about what kind of mediation in question.
The author argues that the Enlightenment is always an attempt to bridge the gap between what is and properly. But education and training is becoming the medium that connects the edges of this gap. The main goal of the Enlightenment is always to make the nature of man, society and the universe the way it should be.
Then, the author identifies three main characteristic of the Enlightenment: educationism, quasi-religiosity, utopian. These characteristics mean that the Enlightenment: 1) creates a world whose axis is problems of education; 2) trying to take on the cultural function of religion; 3) produces a variety of utopia.
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