DOI: https://doi.org/10.22240/sent36.02.018

The Role of Skeptical Evidence in the First and Second “Meditations”. Article 2. Certitudo

Oleg Khoma

Abstract


The author argues that (a) Sextus’ thesis about the “sensitive” nature of phenomenon is metaphorical, so far as it includes (without distinction) both sensibility and experience of thinking; (b) the phenomenon is realized, with irresistible force of impact, through a wide range of passive states of mind; (c) the impact of phenomena is always mediated by our ego, because all skeptical phrases are strongly correlated with the first person singular.

Keywords


Descartes; Sextus Empiricus; phenomenon; certitude; evidence; Sceptiсismus

References


Adriaenssen, H. T. (2017). Representation and Scepticism from Aquinas to Descartes. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316855102

Carraud, V. (2011). Nihil esse certi, point à la ligne? Les Études philosophiques, 96(1), 61-69. https://doi.org/10.3917/leph.111.0061

Giocanti, S. (2013). Comment traiter de ce qui n’est pas “entièrement certain et indubitable”. Descartes héritier des Académiques de Cicéron. Astérion, 11. Retrieved from http://asterion.revues.org/2371

Kambouchner, D. (2005). Les "Méditations métaphysiques" de Descartes. I. Introduction générale: Méditation I. Paris: PUF.

Khoma, O. (2016). The Role of Skeptical Evidence in the First and Second “Meditations”. Article 1. The Doubt according to Descartes and Sextus Empiricus. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 35(2), 6-22. https://doi.org/10.22240/sent35.02.006

Maia Neto, J. R. (2003). Charron's epoche and Descartes' cogito: the sceptical base of Descartes' refutation of skepticism. In G. Paganini (Ed.), The Return of Scepticism. From Hobbes and Descartes to Bayle. Dordrecht: Springer.

Perler, D. (2004). Was There a Pyrrhonian Crisis in Early Modern Philosophy? A Critical Notice of Richard H. Popkin. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 86(2), 209-220. https://doi.org/10.1515/agph.2004.009

Popkin, R. (2003). The History of Scepticism: from Savonarola to Bayle. Oxford, & New York: Oxford UP.

Popkin, R. (2003). The History of Scepticism: from Savonarola to Bayle. Oxford, & New York: Oxford UP.

Sextus Empiricus. (1569). Adversus Mathematicos. Pyrrhoniarum Hypotyposeon. (H. Stephanus, & G. Hervetus, Trans.). Parisiis : Apud Martinum Iuvenem.

Sextus Empiricus. (1621). Sextou Empeirikou ta sōzomena. = Sexti Empirici Opera quae extant. Geneuae: Sumptibus Petri & Jacobi Chouët.

Westphal, K. R. (1987). Sextus Empiricus Contra René Descartes. Philosophy Research Archives, 13, 91-128. https://doi.org/10.5840/pra1987/19881330


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 2075-6461 (print)     ISSN 2308-8915 (online)

ULRICH