Inokentii Gizel: Some Metaphysical Questions from Philosophical Course

Keywords: scholastic metaphysics, distinction between essence and existence, principle of individuation, subsistence, Thomism, Scotism

Abstract

The investigation is devoted to Inokentii Gizel’s metaphyisical views, according to his philosophical course Opus totius philosophіae (Kyiv Mohyla Academy, 1645-1647); a passage of it, for the first time, deciphered and translated into Ukrainian, is published in the appendix to this article. The author analyzes Gizel’s position on the three important problems of scholastic metaphysics (the distinction between essence and existence, the principle of individuation and subsistence). The author argues that the solution of these questions completely agrees with Gizel’s «eclectic tendency» manifested in the combination of Thomistic and Scotistic ideas: Gizel follows Scotists in the questions about the distinction of essence and existence as well as the principle of existence; however, he accepts the Thomistic position in the issue of subsistence.

Author Biography

Mykola Symchych, Skovoroda’s Institute of Philosophy, the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
PhD in philosophy, research fellow at the Department of the History of Ukrainian Philosophy

References

Gizel, I. (2011). Opus totius philosophіae. [In Ukrainian]. In I. Gizel, Selected Works in 3 vol. (Vol. 2, pp. 5-407). Kyiv, & Lviv: Svichado.

Gracia, J. J. E. (1984). Introduction to the Problem of Individuation in the Early Middle Ages. München, & Wien: Philosophia Velag.

Gracia, J. J. E. (Ed.). (1994). Individuation in Scholasticism. The Later Middle Ages and the Counter-Reformation 1150-1650. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Macdonald, S. (1984). The «Esse-Essentia» Argument in Aquinas's «De ente et essential». Journal of the History of Philosophy, 22(2), 157-172. https://doi.org/10.1353/hph.1984.0016

Mullaney, T. U. (2002). Subsistence. In B. L. Marthaler (Ed.), New Catholic Encyclopedia (2 ed., Vol. 13, pp. 570-585). Detroit: Thompson, & Gale; Washington, DC: Catholic University of America.

Owens, J. (1968). An interpretation of Existence. Milwaukee: Bruce.

Pietsch, R. (2010). Inokentii Gizel’s «Tractatus de Anima» in the context of Aristotle and his scholastic interpreters’ anthropological ideas. [In Ukrainian]. In I. Gizel, Selected Works in 3 vol. (Vol. 3, pp. 31-50). Kyiv, & Lviv: Svichado.

Stratij, J. (2010). The interpretation of the problem «soul’s essence - soul’s faculties». [In Ukrainian]. In I. Gizel, Selected Works in 3 vol. (Vol. 3, pp. 51-81). Kyiv, & Lviv: Svichado.

Symchych, M. (2010). The problem of distinctions and universals in the Inokentii Gizel’s philosophical course. [In Ukrainian]. In I. Gizel, Selected Works in 3 vol. (Vol. 3, pp. 83-102). Kyiv, & Lviv: Svichado.
Published
2013-12-16
How to Cite
Symchych, M. (2013). Inokentii Gizel: Some Metaphysical Questions from Philosophical Course. Sententiae, 29(2), 147-151. https://doi.org/10.22240/sent29.02.147
Section
TRANSLATIONS: SUPPLEMENT