Contemplation, Miracle and Novelty: Towards the Foundations of Religious Experience
Keywords:astonishment, contemplation, miracle, novelty, religious experience, practice, theory
AbstractIn this article, on the basis of analysis of the classical definition of a miracle (from D. Hume to C. S. Lewis and R. Swinburne) and the nonclassical one (J.L.Marion and J. P. Manussakis), the phenomenological and the etymological aspects of a miracle are exаmined. Taking into consideration the historical development of the concept of a miracle, the author proves the connections between contemplation, miracle and novelty. They are necessary for the constituting of religious experience. Faith itself, in theological sense, is not determinative for religious experience. It has sense only when it is integrated into contemplation. True religious experience discloses the chain of routine, repetitive everydayness and lets a human being to see the new in the usual. The religious experience is based on the art of contemplation which helps a human being to look with astonishment. The author argues that phenomenological approach to a miracle combined with the etymological analysis is a valuable method for the study of a miracle in the context of the history of philosophy.
Bunge, M. (1959). Causality. The Place of the Causal Principle in Modern Science. Cambridge: Harvard UP.
Caputo, D. J. (2001). On the Religion. London, & New York: Routlege.
Corner, D. (2007). The Philosophy of Miracles. London, & New York: Continuum.
Drange, T. M. (1998). Science and Miracles. Retrieved April 20, 2013, from http://infidels.org/library/modern/theodore_drange/miracles.html
Hume, D. (1975). Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding and Concerning the Principles of Morals. (L. A. Selby-Bigge, & P. H. Nidditch, Eds.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780198245353.book.1
Husserl, E. (1982). Ideas pertaining to a pure phenomenology and to a phenomenological philosophy: 1st. book, General introduction to a pure phenomenology (F. Kersten, Trans.). The Hague, & London: Nijhoff. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-7445-6
Khmel, T. V. (2010). A Miracle as a Form of Perception of the World. [In Russian]. In Contemporary Understanding of the World: the Spiritual Aspects of the Scientific Development in the XXI century. The Proceedings of Scientific and Practical Conference (pp. 41-43). Dnipropetrovsk: National Mining University.
Krishnamurti, J. (1969). The Freedom from the Known. New York: Harper & Row.
Lewis, C. S. (1947). Miracles: a preliminary study. New York: Macmillan.
Manoussakis, J. P. (2007). God after Metaphysics. A Theological Aesthetic. Bloomington: Indiana UP.
Marion, J.-L. (2008). The Visible and the Revealed. New York: Fordham UP.
Merton, T. (1980). Contemplation in a World of Action. London: Unwin Paperbacks.
Mikolejko, Z. (2013). What is a Miracle? Is there a Miracle? [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved April 20, 2013, from http://www.polradio.pl/5/118/Artykul/131579
Mooney, E. F. (1998). Repetition: Getting the world back. In A. Hannay, & G. D. Marino (Eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Kierkegaard (pp. 282-307). Cambridge: Cambridge UP.
Moore, T. (1996). The Re-enchantment of Everyday Life. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
Nickell, J. (1996). Examining Miracle Claims. Retrieved April 20, 2013, from http://infidels.org/library/modern/joe_nickell/miracles.html
Osho. (2013). The Mustard Seed: My Most Loved Gospel on Jesus. Retrieved July 30, 2013, from http://oshosearch.net/Convert/Articles_Osho/The_Mustard_Seed_My_Most_Loved_Gospel_on_Jesus/Osho-The-Mustard-Seed-My-Most-Loved-Gospel-on-Jesus-index.html
Parsons, H. L. (1969). A Philosophy of Wonder. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 30(1), 84-101. https://doi.org/10.2307/2105923
Ricoeur, P. (1965). History and Truth. Evanston: Northwestern UP.
Rodzevych et al., N.S. (1985). Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language in 7 vol. (Vol. 2). [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
Soshynskyj, S. A. (2001). A Miracle in the System of the Universe. [In Russian]. Voprosy Filosofii, (9), 82-97.
Swinburne, R. (1970). The Concept of Miracle. London: Macmillan; New York: St Martin's Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-00776-9
Yust, W. (Ed.). (1959). Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge (Vol. 15). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
How to Cite
- Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).