Mikhail Bakhtin’s “First” Philosophy and Aesthetics as an Attempt to Overcoming the Transcendental Approach in Philosophical Thought

Keywords: Bakhtin, Metaphysics, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Act, Transcendentalism, Hermeneutical Philosophy.

Abstract

The article analyses M. M. Bakhtin’s early works “Art and Responsibility” and “Toward a Philosophy of Act” which show that the philosophical way of Russian thinker was essentially parallel to the path of Western philosophy from Heidegger to post-structuralism and at the same time was an original attempt to overcome the transcendental approach in philosophy and aesthetics. Bakhtin worked out his original “first” philosophy of being or moral philosophy as polemically opposed to the Western philosophy of mind and especially to Kant’s philosophy. But it was not free from certain transcendental moments connected with the orientation on the phenomenological method which later caused Bakhtin’s evolvution towards hermeneutical philosophy of language and culture.

Author Biography

Alexander Yudin, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University
PhD in philology, docent at the Department of Russian and foreign literature

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Published
2012-12-16
How to Cite
Yudin, A. (2012). Mikhail Bakhtin’s “First” Philosophy and Aesthetics as an Attempt to Overcoming the Transcendental Approach in Philosophical Thought. Sententiae, 27(2), 18-28. https://doi.org/10.22240/sent27.02.018
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ARTICLES