Quasi-Transcentental Universality in Philosophical Discourse of Jacques Derrida

Keywords: universality, quasi-transcendental, difference, singularity, insolvability, syntax, trace

Abstract

The article is devoted to historico-philosophical investigation of the grounds of universalism of special type. This universalism, inherent in transcendental thinking, was radicalized in quasi-transcendental discourse of Jacques Derrida. It is established that explicit critique of universalism in deconstructive philosophy is aimed at “logo-centric” paradigm of universality which is questioned by (quasi)transcendental philosophy.

Constitutive function of difference and otherness in establishment of transcendental and especially quasi-transcendental universality was brought to light. It was shown that in (quasi)transcendental discourse singularity is involved into the sphere of universal, whereas “dogmatic” universalism brought singularity and/or particularity outside, thus questioning its own claims. Tracing transcendentalist tendency to balance status and significance of universal and particular (singular), the author concludes that relation between them makes possible constituting hyper-universality of special type.

Universal implications of the Derrida’s notion “quasi-transcendental” are defined. It was determined that one of the main factors constituting universalism of quasi-transcendental type is the deconstruction of binary thinking, accomplished first of all with the help of principles: differance, insolvability (aporia) and trace. Among them insolvability implies universality revealing the overlap and mutual conditioning of alternative (at a glance) elements. Instead, the trace conditions superiority of logo-centric alternatives “primary-secondary” and “presence-absence”.

Author Biography

Anna Illyina, Hr. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS Ukraine

PhD in Art Criticism, Junior research fellow of the Department of the History of Foreign Philosophy

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Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
Illyina, A. (2020). Quasi-Transcentental Universality in Philosophical Discourse of Jacques Derrida. Sententiae, 39(1), 61-90. https://doi.org/10.31649/sent39.01.061
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ARTICLES

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