Avicenna and Avicennism in the Muslim Philosophical Thought on Ukrainian lands: Post-Classical Period
The article is dedicated to the development of Avicennism in the Ukrainian lands, first of all, in the works of Muslim thinkers who came from the South of Ukraine during the early Modern Era. Giving the importance of the legacy of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) for the Muslim philosophical and theological thought, the question arises of those areas of knowledge that have become common to both approaches. Since ontology of Ibn Sina is meant, in particular the idea of a corresponding gradation of being ("necessary – possible – Impossible"), as well as understanding the very existence as a predicate, both theological and philosophical tradition developed in the direction that was prescribed by the early avicennian commentators. On the basis of the study of the heritage of the Muslim scholars coming from Ukraine (Abu al-Baqa’ al-Kafawi, Muhammad al-Kafawi, Muhammad al-Aqkirmani), the reception of not only "theological avicennicism", but also the works of ibn Sina was adressed. If the initial period (and this is characteristic of the Abu al-Baqa al-Kafawi’s works), Avicennism was considered more descriptively, while the thinkers of the 18th century (Muhammad al-Kafawi and Muhammad al-Aqkirmani) have already made significant efforts to address the corresponding problems that left in “classic Avicennicism" (problem of divine knowledge of infinity, etc.). Based on the relevant manuscripts, some of which are first introduced into scientific circulation, the study makes the following conclusion: the understanding of Avicenism coming from the "Muslim part" of Ukraine as a whole was generall related to the developments in the the Middle Eastern philosophical process of those times. Nevertheless, some local features of the tradition were traced as well.
Al-’Ash’ari, Abu al-Hasan. (1950). Articles of the Muslims and Differences of the Believers. [In Arabic]. Cairo: Maktaba al-Nahda al-Misriyya.
Al-Habbazi. Guide to the Science of Theology [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. Public Library of King ‘Abd al-Aziz . Mss. 1343. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Isfahani, Shams al-Din. (b. d.). Commentary on “Al-Tajrid”. [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. King Saud University Library. No. 2217. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Qatibi, Najm al-Din. (2006). Wisdom of the Source. [In Arabic]. Cairo: Al Maktaba al-Azhariyah.
Al-Kafawi, Abu al-Baka '. (1998). Universals. [In Arabic]. Beirut: Muassasa ar-Risala.
Al-Kafawi, Mahmud. (n. d.). Troops of the Best Scholars. [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi. Fe 1381. Istanbul, Turkey.
Al-Kafawi, Muhammad. (n. d.). Epistle on the Establishment of the Necessary. [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. Princeton University Library. Robert Garrett Collection. ELS 3409. Princeton, USA.
Al-Kafawi, Muhammad. (b. d.). Glosses on the Epistle on the Establishment of the Necessary. [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. Princeton University Library. Robert Garrett Collection. No. 5330Y. Princeton, USA.
Al-Kafawi, Muhammad. (1867). Glosses on the al-Lari. [In Arabic]. [Manuscript]. Istanbul: Matbaa Sultan.
Ibn Sina (1982). Book of Salvation. [In Arabic]. Beirut: Dar al-Afak al-Jadida.
Ibn Sina (1961). Directives and Remarks. [In Arabic]. Cairo: Dar al-Ma'rifa.
Ibn Khaldun (2004). Prolegomena. [In Arabic]. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Ad-Dawwani (2011). Epistle on the Establishment of the Necessary. [In Arabic]. Amman: Dar al-Nur
Sa'd R. (1990). Problem of the Conflict between the Religion and Philosophy. [In Arabic]. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr al-Lubnani.
Aydin, Omer. (2005). Kalam between Tradition and Change: The Emphasis on Understanding of Classical Islamic Theology in Relation to Western Intellectual Effects, In S. Gündüz, & C. S. Yaran (Eds.), Change and essence: dialectical relations between change and continuity in the Turkish intellectual tradition (pp. 103-121). Washington: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
Fakhri, Majid. (1957). The Classical Islamic Arguments for the Existence of God, The Muslim world, 1957, 47, 133-145. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.1957.tb02956.x
Lizzini O. (2005). Utility and Gratuitousness of Metaphysics: Avicenna, Quaestio, (5), 307-344. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.QUAESTIO.2.301835
Wisnowsky R. (2004). One Aspect of the Avicennian Turn in Sunni Theology, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 14(1), 65-100. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0957423904000013
Yakubovych M. (2016). Philosophical Thought of the Crimean Khanate. Kyiv: Komora.
Abstract views: 239 PDF Downloads: 276
- Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).