Ukraine’s philosophy of the XXth century: criticism of one model of historization




philosophy of Ukraine in 1960-1980s., Vasyl Lisovyi, methods and approaches of the history of philosophy, philosophy of Ukraine in 1920-1930s., dialectical materialism, dialectical philosophy, Hegel


The aim of this article is to critically examine the model of historization of Ukrainian philosophy of the second half of the 20th century proposed by Vasyl Lisovyi in his article «Ukrainian philosophical thought of the 60-80s of the 20th century».

The criticism consists of the following points: (1) the formulation of the subject of study in Lisovyi's article is conceptually and empirically problematic; (2) Lisovyi’s periodisation of Ukrainian philosophy of the 20th century does not reflect the aspects specific to philosophy; (3) the impossibility of representing phenomena, events and significant relations between them within the model due to a number of unjustified simplifications (e.g. ones concerning political and cultural contexts, trends in dialectical-materialist philosophy); (4) due to the schematisation of the period through the confrontation of binary oppositions, the model loses the specifics of the processes in the philosophy of that period and is unable to explain the further development of philosophy; (5) the use of temporally and spatially indefinite clichés (e.g. «speculative thinking»). Special attention is paid to Lisovyi's view of the relationship between dialectical materialism and Hegel's philosophy. It is proved that, at least from standpoint of modern Hegelean studies, Hegel's philosophy does not meet the criteria for criticism of dialectical materialist philosophy and "speculative thinking" that Lisovyi puts forward as those that should be inherent in Hegel's own philosophy.

To conclude, the author claims that Lisovyi's model cannot be used as a complete working approach in contemporary studies of the history of Ukrainian philosophy in the second half of the 20th century. However, this model presents scholars with two fruitful methodological principles: (1) the principle of "equal safety" / "equal threat"; (2) the principle of balance in evaluating the achievements and losses of philosophy under totalitarianism. Thus, Lisovyi’s model should be considered as an important resource for the current search for an effective model of historicisation of the relevant period.

Author Biography

Illia Davidenko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

postgraduate student


Bilokin, S. (Ed.) (2018). The list of the repressed literature. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Ukrainski propilei.

Bludov, J. (1929). Category of appearance in Hegel. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (2), 36-58.

Bludov, J. (1929a). Category of appearance in Hegel (pt. 2). [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (3), 58-73.

Bogachev, R., Gavva, O., & Pihorovych, V. (Eds.). (2021). The place and the role of Hegel’s conceptual legacy in the European and world history : Materials of the 1st scientific conference “Hegel’s studies” dedicated to 250 years from the birth of G. W. F. Hegel. Kyiv. December 19 2020. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Lira-K.

Bon, V. (1928). Hegelianism running an errand to fascism. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (4-5), 5-28.

Bosenko, V. (1983). Relevant problems of the dialectical materialism. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola.

Bosenko, V. (2010). Dialectics retaliates for neglecting it. [In Russian]. Kyiv : Philosophy and Culture.

Brandom, R. (2019). A spirit of trust : a reading of Hegel’s Phenomenology. Cambridge, MS: The Belknap Press of Harvard UP.

Bulatov, M. (1974). Lenin’s analysis of the classical German philosophy. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.

Bulatov, M. (1981). Logical concepts and categories. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.

Bulatov, M. (1984). Dialectics and culture. [In Russian]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka.

Chuchmariov, V. (1929). The problem of the origin of religion in Spinoza’s and contemporary science’s coverage. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (1), 5-21.

Chyzhevsky, D. (2005). Hegel and the French Revolution. [In Ukrainian]. In D. Chyzhevsky, Philosophical works in 4 vol. (Vol. 4, pp. 307-338). Kyiv: Smoloskyp.

Chyzhevsky, D. (2005a). Philosophical works in 4 vol. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Smoloskyp.

Davidenko, I. (2022). On the differences between Heidegger’s and Fink’s interpretations of Hegel’s concept of experience of consciousness. [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska dumka, (2), 157-169.

Davidenko, I. (2023). Vasyl Lisovyi on the history of Ukraine’s philosophy of the 20th century: a contribution to the discussion. Sententiae, 42(2), 47-62.

Davidenko, V. (2023). Phenomenology studies at the beginning of the 20th century: Polish and Ukrainian Soviet contexts (to the 100th anniversary of the publication of the series of articles by V. Yurynets “Edmund Husserl” (1922-1923)): young scientist’s page. Filosofska dumka, (3), 130-149. Https://

Demchuk, P. (1929). Essays on the present state of German philosophy. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (6), 63-77.

Demchuk, P. (1930). Essays on the present state of German philosophy (part II). [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (1), 17-28.

Demchuk, P. (1930a). Essays on the present state of German philosophy (part III). [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (2), 89-100.

Fediai, M. (2023). Translations and interpretations of the philosophical course by Stephan Kalynovskyi: Soviet tradition and its remnants. Sententiae, 42(2), 23-46.

Finberg, L. (2022). “Philosophical and Sociological Thought” in the late 80’s and in the early 90’s of the last century: Essay. [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska Dumka, (1), 144-154.

Golovakha, Y., Zborovska, X., Khelufi, A., & Khoma, V. (2017). Subjective view of Ukrainian philosophy (Conversation with Xenija Zborovska, Amina Khelufi and Vsevolod Khoma). [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 36(1), 173-214.

Heidegger, M. (1997). Hegels Phänomenologie des Geistes. In M. Heidegger, Gesamtausgabe. ІI. Abteilung: Vorlesungen 1923-1944 (Bd. 32, S. 1-216). Frankfurt a. M.: Klostermann.

Helvétius, C. (1923). God - nature - man. [In Russian]. Kharkiv: Glavpolitprosvet.

Horskyi, V. S. (2001). Philosophy in Ukrainian culture (Methodology and History): Philosophical Essays. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Centr praktychnoi filosofii.

Hösle, V. (1998). Hegels System: der Idealismus der Subjektivität und das Problem der Intersubjektivität. Hamburg : Meiner.

Hrabovskiy, S. (2014). The renaissance of the Ukrainian philosophy in Ukrainian SSR (1960-1980). [In Ukrainian]. In V. Morenets (Ed.), Tertium non datur : the problem of cultural identity in literary-philosophical discourse of the XIX-XXI cent. (pp. 326-365). Kyiv : NaUKMA.

Hubersky, L. et al. (2020). Kyiv worldview and gnoseology school of the second part of the 20s century. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Kyivskyi universytet.

Ivashchenko, S., Davidenko, I., Anuchina, V., & Popil, D. (2023). The Thing: Why I’m an Editor. Part II. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 42(1), 171-185.

Kebuladze, V. (2015). Phenomenology and hermeneutics. [In Russian]. In V. Kebuladze (Ed.), The politics of knowledge and scientific communities (pp. 53-99). Vilnus : EGU.

Khoma, O. (2009). The history of foreign philosophy in contemporary Ukraine : a soviet “rhizome”. [In Ukrainian]. Filosofska Dumka, (3), 32-39.

Kononenko, T. (2023). Symphonic compositions in the literary and epistolary heritage of Hryhorii Skovoroda: continuation of the topic: The philosophy of Hryhorii Skovoroda: History and modernity. Filosofska Dumka, (3), 69-92.

Kozlovskyi, V. ., Davidenko, I., Kruhlyk, K., & Popil, D. (2021). Hegel and Ukrainian Philosophy of the 70-80th. Part II. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 40(1), 175-199.

Kozlovskyi, V., Davidenko, I., Kruhlyk, K., & Popil, D. (2021). Hegel and Ukrainian Philosophy of the 70-80th. Part III. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 40(2), 115-160.

Kushakov, Y. (1981). L. Feuerbach’s historico-philosophical conception : theory, methodology, concrete results. [In Russian]. Kyiv : Vyshcha shkola.

Lisovyi, V. (2014). Memoirs. Poems. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Smoloskyp.

Lisovyi, V. (2019). Ukrainian philosophical thought of the 60s-80s years of the XXs century. [In Ukrainian]. In V. Lisovyi, Ukraine: the returning of time. Politico-philosophical reflections (pp. 643-669). Kyiv: Duh i Litera.

Lisovyi, V. (2019a). Bolshevism. [In Ukrainian]. In V. Lisovyi, Ukraine: the returning of time. Politico-philosophical reflections (pp. 365-370). Kyiv: Duh i Litera.

Lisovyi, V. (2019b). The grounds of viability of the communist ideology and the means of its per-sistance in modern-day Ukraine. [In Ukrainian]. In V. Lisovyi, Ukraine: the returning of time. Politico-philosophical reflections (pp. 145-157). Kyiv: Duh i Litera.

Lisovyi, V., & Procenko, O. (Ed.). (1998). Conservatism : Antology. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv : Smoloskyp.

Lisovyi, V., & Procenko, O. (Ed.). (2000). Nationalism : Antology. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv : Smoloskyp.

Lisovyi, V., & Procenko, O. (Ed.). (2002). Liberalism: Antology. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv : Smoloskyp.

Loy, A. (1988). Consciousness as a subject of theory of knowledge. Kyiv : Naukova dumka.

Loy, A., Davidenko, I. ., Myroshnyk, K. ., & Popil, D. . (2021). The Mind behind the Iron Curtain: Ukrainian Philosophy of the Late USSR and World Science. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 40(2), 161-183.

M. V. (1929). The library of the Institute for Marxism-Leninism in Kharkiv. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (5), 255-227.

Pippin, R. (1989). Hegel's idealism : the satisfactions of self-consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Prychepii, Y. (1971). E. Husserl’s phenomenological theory of consciousness. A critical essay. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv : Naukova dumka.

Prychepii, Y., Anuchina, V., Dziuba, Y., & Gorobenko, Y. (2023). Phenomenology of fate signs. Part IІІ. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 42(1), 186-208.

Rockmore, T. (1991). Hegel’s circular epistemology as anti-foundationalism. [In Russian]. In N. Motroshilova (Ed.), Historico-philosophical yearbook ’91 (pp. 190-204). Moscow : Nauka.

Rozhenko, M. (1996). The tragedy of academician Volodymyr Yurynets. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv : Ukrainian center for spiritual culture.

Secundant, S., Orekhov, I., Ustymenko, K., & Shevchuk, M. (2019). History of Philosophy as a Vocation. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 38(2), 165-200.

Shinkaruk, V. (1964). Hegel’s logic, dialectics and theory of knowledge. [In Russian]. Kyiv : Kyivskyi universytet.

Shinkaruk, V. (1974). Kant’s theory of knowledge, logic and dialectics. [In Russian]. Kyiv : Naukova dumka.

Stewart, J. (2000). The Unity of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. Evanston, Illinois : Northwestern UP.

Vaisberg, I. (1930). Hegel’s philosophy of history. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (2), 54-88.

Vasyljiva, O. (1928). Category of measure in Hegel’s system and in dialectical materialism. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (3-4), 23-83.

Viatkina, N., Kkhelufi, A., Myroshnyk, K., & Reva, N. (2021). “The saved and the lost.” Attempt to recall on-line. Part II. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 40(1), 160-174.

Westphal, K. (2003). Hegel's Epistemology: A Philosophical Introduction to the Phenomenology of Spirit. Indianapolis, IN : Hackett.

Yermolenko, A., Khoma, V., Davidenko, I., & Myroshnyk, K. (2022). German philosophy in the Ukrainian context (70-80s of the 20th century). Part I. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 41(1), 141-162.

Yosypenko, S., Kozlovskyi, V., Panych, O., Terletsky, V., & Khoma, O. (2021). Historico-philosophical Research in Independent Ukraine (expert poll). [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 40(3), 6-31.

Yosypenko, S., Vdovina, O., & Symchych, M. (2011). History of Ukrainian philosophy as a sphere of research and academic discipline in 1950-2000. [In Ukrainian]. Sententiae, 25(2), 108-119.

Yurynets, V. (1926). The new ideological manifesto of Ukrainian fascism. [In Ukrainian]. Bilshovyk Ukrainy, (2-3), 61-87.

Yurynets, V. (1929). The falsification of dialectics in contemporary philosophical bourgeois literature. [In Ukrainian]. Prapor marksyzmu, (6), 5-26.

Yurynets, V. (1930). Philosophical front in Ukraine. [In Russian]. Pod znamenem marksizma, (5), 129-138.

Yurynets, V. (1930a). Edmund Husserl. [In Ukrainian]. In V. Yurynets, Philosophico-sociological essays (pp. 55-100). Kharkiv : Derzhavne vydavnytstvo Ukrainy.

Yurynets, V. (1930b). Freudianism and Marxism. [In Ukrainian]. In V. Yurynets, Philosophico-sociological essays (pp. 101-144). Kharkiv : Derzhavne vydavnytstvo Ukrainy.

Zaytseva, Z. (1998). German-Russian and Russian-German philosophical dictionary. [In Russian]. Moscow : MGU


Abstract views: 242



How to Cite

Davidenko, I. (2023). Ukraine’s philosophy of the XXth century: criticism of one model of historization. Sententiae, 42(3), 22–46.






Download data is not yet available.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>